страноведение экзамен вопросы 2013-2014

УТВЕРЖДАЮ

Зам. директора по УР

__________Т. И. Щирякова

______________2014

Теоретические вопросы к экзамену

по учебной дисциплине

«Страноведение»

Курс III, учебные группы: 31ИБ, 32ИБ, 33ИБ, 34ИБ, 35ИП, 36ИП

летняя экзаменационная сессия 2013/2014 учебного года

Специальность 2-02 03 08 Иностранный язык (английский)

Part 1 “Great Britain”

Describe the geographical position of the British Isles, pointing out its advantages and disadvantages.

Give an account of the physical geography of the British Isles.

Describe the relief features of England, Wales, Scotland and N. Ireland. Examine the main rivers and lakes of the British Isles.

Outline the most important features of the British climate and weather.

Give an account of the main mineral resources of Great Britain.

Describe the vegetation and animal world of the British Isles.

Examine the main stages in the formation of the population of Great Britain (Ancient Britain).

Examine the main stages in the formation of the population of Great Britain (Celts).

Examine the main stages in the formation of the population of Great Britain (Romans).

Examine the main stages in the formation of the population of Great Britain (Anglo-Saxons).

Examine the main stages in the formation of the population of Great Britain (Danes).

Outline the Norman Conquest and further consolidation of the English state.

Give the main characteristics of the modern population of Great Britain, referring to the main ethnic groups. Mention the languages spoken in Great Britain.

Give a general survey of the basic values and beliefs of the British people. Describe British symbols, the history of their appearance and their role nowadays

Describe Great Britain as a constitutional monarchy, its role and social influence.

Analyze the social and political role of monarchy in the present-day Britain.

Describe the composition and the main functions of the British Parliament. Comment on the organization of their work.

Outline the legislative procedure of passing a Bill in the British Parliament.

Give an account of the electoral system of Great Britain.

Outline the composition of the government, referring to the main functions of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. Explain the term “Shadow Cabinet” and its role.

Give a general survey of the British economy. Describe the main economic regions of the UK, the main cities of each region.

Speak on British agriculture. Estimate the influence of the relief and climate on the agriculture of the UK. Describe the southern agricultural region.

Give a general survey of the organization of educational system. Describe public and private sector of the educational system.

Describe the organization of school education in Britain referring to the main types of schools.

Speak on the organization of further and higher education in Britain.

Give an outline of the British press. Comment on different types of British papers.

Give an outline of radio and television in Great Britain.

Expand on the role of the Church in the life of the British People. Outline the main religious denominations in Great Britain referring also to other religious communities.

Give a general survey of British traditions and customs.



Describe London as the world’s leading cultural center.

Outline the main types of transport in Great Britain.

Give a general survey of British favourite pastimes and kinds of sport.

Part 2 “The USA”

Give an account of the geographical position of the USA, referring to its advantages and disadvantages.

Examine the most characteristic features of the USA and its people. Prove that the USA is the country of “great contrasts and similarities”.

Outline the physical features of the USA, referring to the main mountain ranges and plains.

Outline the physical features of the USA, outlining the main rivers and lakes of the USA.

Describe the climate and the main climatic provinces of the USA.

Give a general survey of vegetation and animal life of the USA.

Outline the physical features of the USA. Account for the chief mineral resources of the USA.

Give a brief survey of the present population of the USA, referring to the main ethnic and minority groups. Describe the role of immigration in making of the American nation (“melting pot”, “salad bowl”, “multiculturalism”).

Describe how the New World was settled before the Europeans. Why is the story of Native Americans (or Indians) unique, tragic and inspiring?

Examine the beginning of the North American colonization by the first settlers from Europe. Speak on the main reasons that influenced people to move to America. (the Pilgrim Fathers)

Outline the reasons, development and consequences of the War of Independence.

Analyze the growing antagonism between the North and the South. Examine the main events of the Civil War, its consequences.

Speak on the Constitution of the USA. Describe how and when it was adopted, its structure, “the Bill of Rights”. Explain the meaning of “a strict division and separation of powers under the Constitution”.

Describe the structure and the main functions of the Congress.

Examine the legislative procedure. Describe the process of passing a Bill by the Congress.

Comment on the institution of the American Presidency, its powers and major functions.

Describe the process of presidential elections, its indirect character. Define the notion “an electoral college”.

Outline the structure and main functions of the state and local government.

Characterize the party system of the USA, commenting on the nature of the two-party system.

Give a general survey of the Court System of the USA and the Supreme Court.

Describe the structure of the American educational system. Comment on the basic problems of education in the USA.

Describe school education in the USA.

Give an outline of university education in the USA.

Speak on the American mass media – the press.

Speak on the American mass media – radio and television.

Examine the role of cinematography and Hollywood in the American society.

Give a general survey of American favourite pastimes and national sports and games.

Give a general survey of American holidays and traditions.

Give a general survey of the American way of life. Comment on the problems that exist in the American society.

Speak on the main differences between American and British variants of the English language.

Examine the American symbols, the history of their appearance and their role nowadays.

Expand on the basic values of the American nation. Outline their importance. Define the notion “the frontier heritage”.

Преподаватель:

_____________________ О.Ю. Мещерякова

Рассмотрено и одобрено на заседании ЦК перевода и теории межкультурной коммуникации

Протокол № _____ от _________________ 2014 г.

Председатель ЦК ____________________ А. С. Стрижевская




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